In-group Unity in Anglophone Cameroon's Separatist Discourse. Strategies and Means of Realization

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Raymond Echitchi


The present paper is the result of a scientific venture into the discursive construction of separatism in Cameroon’s English-speaking
regions, which separatists refer to as Southern Cameroons or Ambazonia. My study aims specifically at identifying the linguistic and rhetorical strategies separatist leaders use in order to create a sense of unity amongst all English-speaking Cameroonians and make them join the fight for independence. To achieve this aim, I have analysed speeches authored between 2010 and 2015 by two Anglophone Cameroonian separatist leaders. The analysis of the speeches, which followed the Discourse Historical Approach (Wodak et al. 2009), reveals that Southern Cameroonian nationalists try to achieve unity by resorting to strategies such as nomination, predication, and argumentation through topoi. These strategies were realised by means of linguistic resources including lexicon, imperatives, deontic and epistemic modals.

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How to Cite
Echitchi, R. (2023). In-group Unity in Anglophone Cameroon’s Separatist Discourse. Strategies and Means of Realization. Modern Africa: Politics, History and Society, 11(2), 57–81.
Author Biography

Raymond Echitchi, University of Liege, Belgium

He is a lecturer in English Language and Linguistics at the University of Liège, Belgium. Before joining ULiège, he held various teaching and research positions in Spain and Finland. His research interests include Critical Discourse Analysis, bilingual education and language contact. He is a member of several learned societies and scientific networks, including the British Association for Applied Linguistics (BAAL, Africa SIG) and RaAM (Researching and Applying Metaphor). E-mail: